According to COUNTRYAAH, Vatican City is an enclave entirely within the urban area of Rome on the Vatican Hill with an average height of 25 meters above sea level. The climate corresponds to the location in the south of Italy on the 41st parallel with proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. It’s Mediterranean, with dry, hot summers and humid, cool winters. It is determined not only by the proximity of the Tyrrhenian Sea in the west, but also by the first elevations of the Apennines in the east.
About one-third of the territory of the Vatican Gardens occupy, north and west of St. Peter’s on the Vatican Hill (Monte Vaticano) located and by the Vatican walls, u. A. the Leonine Wall built under the pontificate of Leo IV.
In addition to a diverse range of plants (trees, bushes, perennials) and well-tended lawns, alley-like paths, artificial grottos, various artist fountains and numerous statues are characteristic. Historically, the gardens have been since the pontificate of Nicholas III. proven. Until the 15th century mainly kitchen gardens, from the 16th century onwards they were redesigned to create landscaped gardens. Today’s design and arrangement of the Vatican Gardens with gardens in the Italian, French and English styles are largely based on Gregory XVI. , Pius IX. , Leo XIII. and Pius XI. return.
Outside the Vatican, the Holy See also owns the churches of San Giovanni in Laterano, Santa Maria Maggiore, San Paolo fuori le mura, the Lateran, several palaces as the seat of curial organs as well as the papal summer palace and which are located on Italian territory in Rome but are extraterritorial the Villa Barberini in Castel Gandolfo in the Alban Hills.
The Vatican City, including the Basilica of Saint Paul “Outside the Walls”, has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
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The climate is Mediterranean (from September to mid-May rainy and mild, otherwise hot and dry). Monthly mean air temperature: Jan./Feb. the coolest months 8 ° C, July / Aug. the warmest months 23 ° C, annual mean temperature: 15 ° C; Annual precipitation: 800 mm (October / November as the rainiest month 110 mm, July as the driest month 10 mm).
The average annual temperature is a mild 15.5 ° C, with an average maximum temperature of 28 ° C being reached in the hottest month of the year, August. The coldest month is February with an average high temperature of 13 ° C and an average low temperature of 3 ° C.
Most precipitation falls with an average of 126 liters each in October and November, the lowest in July with fourteen liters.
In August the sun shines around 10.8 hours a day, in December only 3.3.
Spring in the Vatican is particularly unstable. A lot of cool air is transported from the north when there is frequent low pressure. Nevertheless, it can be very mild with temperatures over 20 ° C. The weather situation stabilizes in summer. The Azores highs are climate-determining here. In autumn, Atlantic disturbances bring rain and wind. In November and December, cold air flows from the northeast to Vatican City. The winter rain is often displaced in February by Siberian highs with strong winds, with the Apennines separating the Tyrrhenian from the Adriatic air masses.
Best travel time for the Vatican
The Vatican is visited all year round. In winter, temperatures don’t drop below freezing too often. However, around Christmas in particular, there can be heavy rainfall, on the other hand, cold winds from the northeast often bring clear skies in addition to low temperatures, because the clouds are already raining down on the Apennines.
The spring is a particularly pleasant travel time, in early spring around Easter however, it may still be quite chilly. Precipitation must always be expected. The ideal month to travel is June, it is warm, not humid, and the weather is usually very stable. July and August are very hot, from mid-September it will be very changeable with rain. But especially at the end of October and in November it can be very mild and warm with ideal weather for sightseeing.