According to COUNTRYAAH, Vanuatu is a State of Oceania (12,190 km²). Capital: Port Vila. Population: 233,000 (2008 estimate). Language: bislama, French and English (official). Religion: Protestants 35.7%, Catholics 14.6%, Anglicans 14%, others 35.7%. Monetary unit: vatu. Human Development Index: 0.686 (123rd place). Borders: Pacific Ocean. Member of: Commonwealth, UN and PC.
The population is mainly composed of ni-vanuatu (98.7%), people of Melanesian lineage, and lives for approx. 75% in rural villages, mostly located in the most fertile and cultivated coastal strips. The most important center is the capital Port Vila, located in a large bay on the southwestern coast of Ėfaté and with a port and commercial function. The average population density is 19 residents / km².
The vegetation is luxuriant everywhere, with a prevalence of banyans, kauri (conifers of the genus Agathis) and precious essences in tropical forests, while in the southern islands, with a drier climate, there are grassland areas typical of the savannah; overall, the forests occupy 36.1% of the national territory, long sacrificed to make way for agriculture or compromised by the violent cyclones that hit the islands. The native fauna is quite small and includes some species of bats, a large number of birds, as well as reptiles, amphibians, corals and fish; dogs, cats, cattle, pigs and sheep were instead introduced by Europeans. In addition to deforestation, the islands are affected by rising sea levels which, accompanied by poor soil stability due to volcanic and seismic activity, puts fresh water reserves at risk. There are no national parks.
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Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Port Vila (Vanuatu)
|Daytime temperature||30 ° C||31 ° C||30 ° C||29 ° C||27 ° C||27 ° C||26 ° C||26 ° C||27 ° C||28 ° C||29 ° C||30 ° C|
|Night temperature||23 ° C||24 ° C||23 ° C||23 ° C||21 ° C||20 ° C||19 ° C||19 ° C||20 ° C||21 ° C||22 ° C||23 ° C|
|Water temperature||28 ° C||28 ° C||28 ° C||27 ° C||27 ° C||27 ° C||26 ° C||26 ° C||25 ° C||26 ° C||27 ° C||28 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||257||272||282||338||244||127||158||125||99||137||165||201|
|Hours of sunshine||6||7||6||6||6||6||6||6||7||6||7||7|
The average annual temperature in Port Vila is 24.8 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is January (27.1 ° C), coldest month of July with averages of 22.4 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Port Vila is 28 ° C. Comfortable bathing is possible at these temperatures. All months have a water temperature of at least 21 ° C and are therefore suitable for a beach holiday.
The annual precipitation is 2405 mm on 132 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. The months of January, February, March, April, May and December are considered the rainy season as more than 175 mm of precipitation can be expected per month. Overall, around 1594 mm of precipitation can be expected in the rainy season. You cannot expect snow in any month in Port Vila.
As our climate table shows, September is the sunniest month with an average of 7 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines for 6.2 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.