According to COUNTRYAAH, Ukraine is a Eastern European state (603,700 km²). Capital: Kiev (Kyiv). Administrative division: provinces (24) and an autonomous republic (Crimea). Population: 46.044.718 (2009 estimate). Official language: Ukrainian. Religion: non-religious / atheists 57.5%, Orthodox 29.9%, Catholics 8.2%, Protestants 3.5%, Jews 0.9%. Monetary unit: hrivna (100 kopecks). Human Development Index: 0.786 (82nd place). Borders: faces the Black Sea to the S and borders Romania and Moldova to the SW, Hungary and the Slovak Republic to the W, Poland to the NW, Belarus to the N and Russia to the NE and to the E. Member of: Council of Europe, CIS, EBRD, UN and OSCE.
The population is made up of 78.1% Ukrainians, then Russians (17.3%), Tatars (0.7%), Belarusians (0.6%), Moldovans (0.5%), Jews (0, 2%), others (Polish, Hungarian, Bulgarian, etc., 2.6%). There are no separations between the different ethnic components, which on the contrary are very mixed in the territory: mixed families are the norm. In much of the country (with the exception of only the westernmost regions) the Ukrainian language, which became the official language and only taught in school after 1991, is less spoken than Russian, which remains the commercial language. There are very many Ukrainians who live permanently outside the country, who have long since been dispersed in the other states of the former USSR or who have emigrated to the West in recent years. Ukraine has a high rate of urbanization: there are many cities with more than 200. 000 residents while the countryside, especially in the eastern part of the country, is relatively depopulated. The capital Kijev has 2,770,014 residents. (2009 estimate; approx. 3,200,000 with the urban agglomeration) and is not only the largest city, the only one with a metropolitan dimension, but also the place of maximum concentration of the Ukrainian artistic and cultural heritage; in its oldest part, on the right bank of the Dnieper, there are palaces, churches and monasteries that date back to the beginning of the second millennium; the city also hosts a notable industrial sector, especially light industry, and is the nerve center of communications and national transport. Another center of primary importance is Kharkiv, a large modern and industrial city in eastern Ukraine, which for short historical periods played the role of capital and still presents itself as the eastern rival of Kiev; in the south-eastern part of the country there is a series of large industrial and worker cities that play the role of steel poles, such as Dnipropetrovs’k, Zaporizhzhia, and Kryvyi Rih, or mining, such as Donets’k; Mariupol ‘ is an industrial port on the Azov Sea while Odessa, once the main port of the Tsarist empire on the Black Sea, today suffers somewhat from its geographically marginal position. Finally L’viv (Lviv) is the oldest and most important Catholic and peasant center of Western Ukraine, and in recent decades it has represented the political (and electoral) heart of independence nationalism, facing neighboring Poland and the West. The overall population density in the area is 76 residents / km². The demographic indices are very negative, with the number of deaths (death rate 16.4 per thousand, 2007) constantly higher than that of births (birth rate 10.2 per thousand, 2007) and a fertility rate (1, 3, 2007) to European lows. Life expectancy at birth is approx. 63 years for males and 74 for females.
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Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Ukraine).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Kiev||May, June, July and August|
|Lviv||May, June, July and August|
|Odessa||June, July and August|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Kiev (Ukraine)
|Daytime temperature||-3 ° C||-2 ° C||3 ° C||12 ° C||20 ° C||24 ° C||26 ° C||25 ° C||20 ° C||12 ° C||4 ° C||-1 ° C|
|Night temperature||-9 ° C||-8 ° C||-3 ° C||4 ° C||10 ° C||13 ° C||15 ° C||14 ° C||10 ° C||4 ° C||-1 ° C||-6 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||47||46||39||49||53||73||88||69||47||35||51||52|
|Hours of sunshine||1||2||4||5||8||9||9||8||6||4||2||1|
The annual average temperature in Kiev is 7.7 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (19.3 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of -5.6 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 649 mm on 101 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, April, October, November and December snowfall is possible.
As our climate table shows, July is the sunniest month with an average of 9.3 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines an average of 5 hours a day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following major towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Dnipro Raion, Svyatoshyn Raion, Solomyanka Raion, Darnytsya Raion, Shevchenko Raion, Holoziyiv Raion, Podil Raion, Pechersk Raion, and Brovary.