According to COUNTRYAAH, Sweden is a Northern European state located in the Scandinavian Peninsula (447,420 km²). Capital: Stockholm. Administrative division: 21 counties (län). Population: 9,644,864 (2013 estimate). Language: Swedish (official). Religion: Protestants 81.5%, Muslims 4%, Catholics 1.5%, others 12%. Currency unit: Swedish krona (100 öre). Human Development Index: 0.898 (12th place). Borders: Norway (N and W), Finland (NE); it overlooks the Baltic Sea (SE), the Gulf of Bothnia (E) and the Kattegat Strait (SW). Member of: Council of Europe, Nordic Council, EBRD, OECD, UN, OSCE, WTO and EU.
Following the Constitution of June 6, 1809, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy; the subsequent constitutional changes did not affect the fundamental principles of division of powers that have ruled the country ever since. The new Constitution, which entered into force in January 1975, reduces the power of the sovereign, who remains head of state, covering a solely representative role. The highest legislative body is the unicameral Parliament (Riksdag), whose 349 members are elected for 3 years by universal suffrage it’s direct; all citizens who have reached the age of 20 can vote. The electoral law, based on the proportional system, guarantees access to Parliament for parties that reach the threshold of 4% of the votes. The Permanent Committees have great importance, which, in a technical rather than a political key, draw up the various bills that will then be submitted to the parliamentary vote: the result is the particularly calm and non-sectarian atmosphere that, by ancient tradition, characterizes the activities of the Parliament. Responsible to the Riksdag is the Cabinet of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister, in the person of the leader of the majority party; this is the highest organ of the executive, from which the sovereign is totally excluded. Another peculiarity of the Swedish political system is the institution of the Ombudsman: he is a magistrate, elected by Parliament and only responsible to him, independent from any other power, whose task is the supreme protection of individual freedoms; any citizen whose rights have been infringed in some way by any public authority can turn to him. The judicial system of the country, where episodes of crime are very rare, is based on the continental European system, while incorporating elements of customary law. Sweden, which can boast a very long tradition of neutrality, nevertheless has an efficient military apparatus of volunteers, divided between the army, navy and air force. The history of education in Sweden dates back to the Reformation era: in 1477 the first university was founded in Uppsala. In modern times, Sweden is at the forefront of school environment: illiteracy has been eliminated since the century. XVII and in 1842 compulsory schooling was introduced. The 1962 reform established the basic school (grundskolan), the same for all, compulsory and free, lasting nine years divided into three three-year cycles, starting from the sixth or seventh year of age.
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Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Sweden).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Stockholm||May, June, July, August and September|
|Gothenburg||June, July, August and September|
|Ostersu||June, July, August and September|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Stockholm (Sweden)
|Daytime temperature||-1 ° C||-1 ° C||2 ° C||8 ° C||15 ° C||19 ° C||22 ° C||20 ° C||15 ° C||9 ° C||5 ° C||2 ° C|
|Night temperature||-5 ° C||-6 ° C||-4 ° C||1 ° C||6 ° C||10 ° C||14 ° C||13 ° C||9 ° C||5 ° C||1 ° C||-2 ° C|
|Water temperature||3 ° C||2 ° C||2 ° C||3 ° C||6 ° C||11 ° C||16 ° C||17 ° C||14 ° C||9 ° C||6 ° C||3 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||39||27||26||30||30||45||72||66||55||50||53||46|
|Hours of sunshine||1||2||5||7||9||10||9||8||5||3||2||1|
The annual average temperature in Stockholm is 6.6 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (17.2 ° C), coldest month of February with mean values of -3 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Stockholm is 17 ° C. Pleasant bathing is possible from temperatures of around 21 ° C. August has a water temperature of at least 17 ° C. Bathing is then possible to a limited extent.
The annual precipitation is 539 mm on 102 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, April, October, November and December snowfall is possible.
As our climate table shows, June is the sunniest month with an average of 10.2 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines for 5.1 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Stockholm Municipality, Upplands Väsby, Huddinge Municipality and Nacka Municipality.