According to COUNTRYAAH, South Sudan borders Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest and the Central African Republic to the west .
South Sudan is characterized by the flood and swamp landscape of the Sudd, which is traversed by the White Nile. Depending on the water inflow, the extent of the Sudd varies between 55,000 and 150,000 km 2. The highest point in the country (Kinyeti: 3,187 m above sea level) is in the south on the border with Uganda.
The population is split up into numerous ethnic groups (Dinka, Nuer, Shilluk, Zande and others). Due to the long civil war, many people still live as refugees without a permanent residence; the proportion of the urban population is only around 19%. According to UN figures, 4.36 million South Sudanese were living as refugees abroad at the end of 2017, mainly in Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan. The average population density is (2017) 20 residents / km 2.
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The biggest cities in South Sudan
|Largest cities (population 2008 census)|
According to unofficial estimates (2010) 60.5% of the population are Christians. According to the church itself, the Catholics form the largest religious group with 37.2% of the population (Archdiocese of Juba with six suffragan dioceses), followed by the Anglicans (26 dioceses). The traditional African religions are also still widespread or live on in African-Christian-syncretistic religious communities (32.9% of the population). 6.2% of the population profess Islam, 0.4% belong to other religious groups or are non-denominational.
With independence on July 9, 2011, a transitional constitution came into force. According to this transitional constitution, South Sudan is a presidential republic based on separation of powers, general civil and human rights and a multi-party system. The transitional constitution was temporarily modified by a peace agreement signed in Addis Ababa in August 2015 between the southern Sudanese civil war parties. According to this, the head of state, head of government and commander in chief of the armed forces is the president, who has far-reaching powers. The first vice-president as deputy of the president is provided by the previous armed opposition. The legislature consists of two chambers, the National Legislative Assembly and the Council of States. Under the terms of the peace agreement, the number of members of the National Legislative Assembly was increased from 332 to 400. The Council of States as the representative body of the states has 50 members.
The national flag introduced with independence in 2011 has already served as the flag of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). Black stands for the state-building African population. The white stripes symbolize the peace for which many sacrifices have been made. Red stands for the blood of the fighters for freedom and justice who fell in the long years of war. Green symbolizes the potential of the fertile land and vegetation. The blue triangle, its point protruding into the red stripe, is a symbol for the Nile as the source of life. The gold star in the blue triangle represents the unity of the state.
The national coat of arms shows a fish eagle with outstretched wings behind a shield with crossed spears. In his claws he holds a ribbon with the words “Republic of South Sudan”. The white tape above it shows the motto »Justice, Liberty, Prosperity« (Justice, Freedom, Prosperity).
The national holiday is July 9th. He commemorates the achievement of independence in 2011.
The tropical and humid climate in South Sudan is characterized by high temperatures and summer rains. The winter in the south is hot. The daytime temperatures reach an average of 36 ° C during the day and around 20 ° C at night. In the rainy season from April to October, 700-1,500 mm of rain falls here. The average temperatures during this time are 30 – 33 ° C with nightly values of 21 – 23 ° C. In the rainy season it is very humid (humidity of 70 – 80%) and difficult to bear for Europeans.
Best time to travel to South Sudan
The best travel time depends on the region of South Sudan that you want to visit.
In the south the dry season is shorter, it only lasts from December to February. This is also the time to be hereto travel should.
In the north of South Sudan, the dry season lasts longer, from November to April.
In the rainy season it is hot and humid and many roads are no longer passable. In addition, mosquitoes swarm around and bite you in the wet months.