According to COUNTRYAAH, State of Africa born in 1960 from the merger of the former Italian Somalia and the former English Somalia, today’s state is the result of a pansomal movement which, overcoming the colonial divisions, has tried to give unity to all the people living in the ‘span of lands outside Ethiopia, culminating in the so-called “horn of Africa”. At the beginning of the century. XXI, however, Somalia presents itself as a world political anomaly, due to the prolonged absence of the state that characterizes it. From the crumbling of the Siad Barre regime (1991), the country lived in a state of almost permanent internal war. Poor in natural resources, almost completely deserted and with a very low population, Somalia had not attracted major investments either during the colonial period or after. Consequently, the traditional organization has re-emerged forcefully at the first opportunity. Even if in an extremely slow way, the situation is however destined to evolve in the sense of a recomposition of the fractures between the various groups of the population, up to the exhumation of a state political organization. In this sense, the diplomacies of various countries, the United Nations and the African Union have so far operated.
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The climate of Somalia belongs to the tropics. While it is humid in the south, the interior and the north are dry. Because the country is close to the equator, there are only slight seasonal temperature fluctuations.
Somalia is one of the hottest regions in the world. The mean maximum temperatures of the warmest months – in the north this is June to August, in the south March to April – are between 36 and 42 ° C, the coolest months between 28 and 33 ° C. The south shows very little temperature differences throughout the year. The mean monthly temperatures in the capital Mogadishu only deviate from the mean temperature of 27 ° C by a maximum of 2 ° C up or down.
Overall, the temperatures on the Gulf of Aden are slightly higher than on the Indian Ocean. In contrast to many other desert regions, it doesn’t get much colder at night in Somalia than during the day.
Times and amounts of precipitation are determined by the change in monsoon winds. Every year there are two rainy and two dry seasons.
From December to March, the northwest monsoon brings hot air from the Arabian Peninsula.
From April to June, under the influence of the southwest monsoon, is the main rainy season to which a
second dry season (July to September) follows when the southwest monsoon blows parallel to the coast or offshore.
In October and November the northeast monsoon brings further low rainfall.
The total annual rainfall is low and varies greatly from year to year; it is 320-400 mm in the south. In the extremely dry north, only 50 mm fall in the entire year. Only the higher mountain areas receive significantly more precipitation with up to 760 mm. The rainy seasons are the phases in which occasional rain can be expected. However, there is no persistent rainfall, as is common in other countries in the tropics.
Best time to travel to Somalia
The best time to travel to Somalia is the winter dry season from December to March. During this time the temperatures are not quite as high and you need less time to acclimate.
In the other months the sun burns down from the sky all day and it is better to stay in the shade than to expose yourself to the strong solar radiation. On tours, the body would quickly be exhausted and you would quickly reach your limits. It also rains in large parts of Somalia from April to June.