According to COUNTRYAAH, Nauru is a State of Oceania (21.2 km²). Main center and seat of government: Yaren. Population: 10,163 (2008 estimate). Language: Nauruan (official), English. Religion: Protestants 50.9%, Catholics 27.1%, others 22%. Currency unit: Australian dollar (100 cents). Borders: Pacific Ocean. Member of: Commonwealth, UN and CP, EU associate.
Only just over half of the atoll’s residents are Nauruans (69%), the remaining residents are mostly indigenous to other Pacific islands, originally from Kiribati and Tuvalu employed in the mining industry, to which are added Chinese immigrants (2.3%), Filipinos (2.5%) and Europeans. A thousand refugees from Afghanistan, Iraq and Sri Lanka have reached the country since 2001 following Australia’s proposal to relocate illegal asylum seekers to this and other Pacific islands in exchange for monetary compensation, a agreement known as the “Peaceful Solution”. The last refugees left the island in February 2008. The population lives in Yaren and in small towns scattered across the coastal plain. The density is quite high (479 residents / km²), the highest in the continent.
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Only 13.1% of the territory is covered by forests; coconut palms, banana trees, pineapples, pandanus and tropical flowers (hibiscus, frangipani) are present almost exclusively along the coasts. The island is one of the traditional destinations of migratory birds such as frigates, terns and noddy (the little stolid tern, symbol of Nauru). The British, Australian and New Zealand industries, with the indiscriminate exploitation of phosphate resources, have made the central plateau a wasteland dotted with disused plants, once used for the excavation and transport of salt. However, Australia has followed up on the request for compensation made by the Nauru authorities: the country has thus obtained financial compensation and the commitment from Australia to contribute to the rehabilitation and recovery of the environmental heritage. Nauru is also one of the many Pacific islands threatened by rising sea levels due to the greenhouse effect and is facing problems related to the limited availability of water resources. There are no protected areas in the country.
Temperatures, rainfall in Yaren District (Nauru)
|Daytime temperature||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||31 ° C||31 ° C||31 ° C|
|Night temperature||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C|
|Water temperature||29 ° C||29 ° C||29 ° C||29 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||29 ° C||29 ° C||29 ° C||29 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||280||250||190||190||120||110||150||130||120||100||120||280|
The average annual temperature in Yaren District is 27.6 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is October (28 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of 27.5 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Yaren District is 30 ° C. Comfortable bathing is possible at these temperatures. All months have a water temperature of at least 21 ° C and are therefore suitable for a beach holiday.
The annual precipitation is 2040 mm on 147 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. The months of January, February, March, April and December are considered the rainy season, as more than 175 mm of precipitation can be expected per month. Overall, about 1190 mm of precipitation can be expected in the rainy season. You cannot expect snow in any month in Yaren District.