According to COUNTRYAAH, Guatemala is a State of Central America (108,889 km²). Capital: Guatemala. Administrative division: departments (22). Population: 15,438,384 (2013 estimate). Language: Spanish (official), Mayan dialects. Religion: Catholics 57%, Protestants 40%, animists / traditional beliefs 1%, others 2%. Monetary unit: quetzal (100 cents). Human Development Index: 0.628 (125th place). Borders: Mexico (N and W), Belize (NE), Honduras and the Sea of Antilles (Gulf of Honduras) (E), El Salvador (SE), Pacific Ocean (SW). Member of: OAS, UN and WTO.
State of Isthmian Central America, the northernmost of the region, has political borders that are, in principle, those designated in the century. XIX within the Central American Federation. Like the other Isthmian republics that became independent from Spanish rule, Guatemala continued to suffer from the heavy colonial legacies, with a population socially divided between ruling, oligarchic classes, and a poor and submissive mass of Indians and mestizos. It was grafted into this structure at the end of the century. XIX the interference of the large US companies, which have influenced the course of the political life of the country, limiting its developments in a more socially open sense. Despite this, it turns out to be the American country that has most resisted foreign invasions, where the ancient residents represent more than half of the population that still today preserves the traditions and the spirit of the indigenous culture and language. Overlooking two oceans, dotted with numerous volcanoes that make it a fertile soil, suitable for both cultivation and grazing, it possesses a great ecological wealth and a precious biological diversity. However, a long history of tensions and wars, caused by the precarious balance of power between the different populations, the last of which, which lasted over 30 years, ended only in 1996, makes Guatemala a country still in search of a solution. to the social problems that afflict him.
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Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine
|Daytime temperature||23 ° C||25 ° C||27 ° C||28 ° C||29 ° C||27 ° C||26 ° C||26 ° C||26 ° C||24 ° C||23 ° C||22 ° C|
|Night temperature||12 ° C||12 ° C||14 ° C||14 ° C||16 ° C||16 ° C||16 ° C||15 ° C||16 ° C||15 ° C||14 ° C||13 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||3||3||8||22||134||263||208||188||252||144||25||9|
|Hours of sunshine||7||7||6||7||5||4||6||5||5||4||7||8|
The annual average temperature is 18.1 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is May (19.7 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of 16.4 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 1259 mm. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. The months of June, July, August and September are considered the rainy season, as more than 175 mm of precipitation can be expected per month. Overall, around 911 mm of precipitation can be expected in the rainy season. Snowfall is generally not expected in any month.
As our climate table shows, December is the sunniest month with an average of 8 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines 6 hours a day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Villa Nueva, Mixco, San Juan Sacatepéquez and Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa.