General & Geography
The Eurasian state of Georgia is located on the border between Asia and Europe in Transcaucasia. According to COUNTRYAAH, the Black Sea borders to the east of Georgia and the Greater Caucasus to the south. To the north is Russia and south to Armenia and Turkey.
Located at about the height of Rome, the mighty mountain ranges of the Great Caucasus extend over 1000 km to the north and around 180 km in width. These mountains form the border between Europe and Asia. The Lesser Caucasus runs parallel and borders the Armenian highlands in the south.
Thanks to different climatic zones, Georgia offers a very large biodiversity. Furthermore, the development of native plants is very much favored by closed valleys. The lower mountain area is home to deciduous forests, conifers and firs grow in higher elevations.
Georgia is relatively scarcely populated with just under 3.7 million inhabitants on an area of over 57,000 km². The majority of the population lives in the capital Tbilisi. The main language is Georgian and this belongs to the South Caucasian language family, which among other things has its own alphabet.
Georgia is a democratic republic with a centralized administration and a strong presidential system. The Prime Minister is nominated by the President and then approved by Parliament.
- Abbreviation Finder: Check to see national geography, brief history, society description, domestic politics, economy overview, and a list of widely used acronyms about Georgia.
Climate in Georgia
The country is characterized by strong climatic contrasts. It is divided between three different climate zones: subtropical to Mediterranean climate on the coast of the Black Sea, continental climate which can be found east of the Surami Mountains, and alpine climate in the mountain regions.
Due to the mountain ranges and the Black Sea, however, the country is spared from extreme heat and cold periods.
The precipitation rate is different in large parts of the country. The slope of precipitation decreases from west to east. Precipitation is sparse in the Mtkvari lowlands, with only around 200-300 mm per year. The landscape here resembles a steppe, as it becomes increasingly drier towards the east.
When is the best time to visit Georgia?
With the exception of winter, it is generally possible to travel to Georgia all year round. The summer months are very warm in the coastal regions and are ideal for a beach holiday. In the interior of the country, it can also get very hot and humid on some days between July and mid- September.
Nevertheless, the best travel time for Georgia as a whole is between mid- May and mid- October. The main season is July and August. Active vacationers appreciate the quieter peripheral months of April to June and September to the end of October. However, September is often very rainy in some parts of the country.
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Batumi (Georgia)
|Daytime temperature||11 ° C||11 ° C||14 ° C||17 ° C||22 ° C||25 ° C||28 ° C||28 ° C||25 ° C||22 ° C||17 ° C||14 ° C|
|Night temperature||1 ° C||2 ° C||3 ° C||6 ° C||11 ° C||16 ° C||19 ° C||18 ° C||15 ° C||11 ° C||7 ° C||4 ° C|
|Water temperature||6 ° C||6 ° C||8 ° C||11 ° C||16 ° C||20 ° C||24 ° C||24 ° C||22 ° C||17 ° C||12 ° C||9 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||236||185||136||124||84||163||163||222||315||240||300||236|
|Hours of sunshine||3||4||4||5||6||8||7||7||7||6||4||4|
The annual average temperature in Batumi is 14.4 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is August (23.1 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of 6.3 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Batumi is 24 ° C. Comfortable bathing is possible at these temperatures. The months of June, July, August, September and October have a water temperature of at least 17 ° C. Bathing is then possible to a limited extent. The months of July, August and September have a water temperature of at least 21 ° C and are therefore suitable for a beach holiday.
The annual precipitation is 2404 mm on 159 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. The months of January, February, August, September, October, November and December are considered the rainy season, as more than 175 mm of precipitation can be expected per month. Overall, about 1734 mm of precipitation can be expected in the rainy season. In the months of January, February, March and December snowfall is possible.
As our climate table shows, June is the sunniest month with an average of 7.8 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year, the sun shines for 5.4 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
Sights & attractions
Georgia is rich in culture with its ancient buildings, churches and historical places and thus offers several travel destinations. Above all, nature offers some sights, such as the Abano Pass, the highest passable pass. The massive Alawerdie Cathedral of St. George from the 11th century rises on the plain of the Alazan Valley and is also a true cultural heritage.
The Ananuri fortified church above the Shinvali reservoir also shows the stonemasonry art of Georgia, as well as the Antschis’chati church in Tbilisi. Special features in nature are particularly evident in the architectural Dandalo Bridge in the Adjara region and the Batumi Botanical Garden would be an excellent choice for nature lovers.