According to COUNTRYAAH, Czech Republic is a State of Central and Eastern Europe (78,867 km². Capital: Prague. Administrative division: provinces (14). Population: 10,381,130 residents (2008 estimate). Language: Czech (official), Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, German, Ukrainian, Hungarian. Religion: non-religious / atheist 59%, Catholics 26.8%, Protestants 1.1%, Hussites 1%, Orthodox 0.2%, other religions 11.9%. Monetary unit: Czech crown (100 haléřů). Human Development Index: 0.897 (35th place). Borders: Poland (NE), Slovakia (SE), Austria (S), Germany (W-NW). Member of: Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, UN, OSCE, EU and WTO.
It is a parliamentary republic. The Constitution launched on December 16, 1992 provides for a Parliament composed of the Chamber of Deputies (made up of 200 members elected every four years) and the Senate (81 members in office for 6 years but renewed for a third every two years). The President of the Republic is elected by Parliament for a five-year term; he is responsible for appointing the Prime Minister and the members of the government. Administratively, the country is divided into 14 regions, in turn subdivided into 76 districts (okres). In the judicial field, the Czech Republic does not accept the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice. Education is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 16. The secondary school, lasting 4 years, provides a general and a professional orientation.
The Czech Republic is geographically constituted by the two main regions of Bohemia, to the W, and of Moravia, to the E. Bohemia is essentially mountainous, although crossed by the valleys of the Elbe and Moldava rivers; hilly and flat Moravia, arranged around the Morava valley and partly crossed by the Oder, which continues its journey towards Poland to flow into the Baltic Sea. The entire territory of the Czech Republic is characterized by relatively gentle and abundantly eroded morphologies, given the prevailing antiquity of the relief (Hercynian), whose maximum peaks (the Sudeten mountains, in the north of the country), barely reach 1500-1600 m. The geological constitution is quite varied, with a prevalence of ancient W and S formations (Bohemian Forest, Ore Mountains) and NE (Sudeten Mountains), but with a large presence of more recent depositions in depressions (Central Bohemia, Moravia). The region is rich in waters and the rivers along their course often open giving rise to lakes (over 400 basins on the territory between glacial and artificial ones). The climate of the Czech Republic, mainly of a continental type, has rigid winters with abundant snowfalls and intense rainfall even in the intermediate seasons; in summer the climate remains cool (19 ° the average temperature in Prague in July).
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Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Czech Republic).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Brno||May, June, July and August|
|Prague||May, June, July, August and September|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Brno (Czech Republic)
|Daytime temperature||0 ° C||3 ° C||8 ° C||14 ° C||20 ° C||23 ° C||25 ° C||24 ° C||20 ° C||14 ° C||7 ° C||2 ° C|
|Night temperature||-5 ° C||-3 ° C||-0 ° C||4 ° C||8 ° C||11 ° C||13 ° C||13 ° C||10 ° C||5 ° C||1 ° C||-3 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||25||24||24||32||61||72||64||57||38||31||38||27|
|Hours of sunshine||2||3||4||6||7||7||8||7||5||4||2||1|
The annual average temperature in Brno is 8.7 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (18.5 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of -2.5 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 493 mm on 85 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, April, October, November and December snowfall is possible.
As our climate table shows, July is the sunniest month with an average of 7.6 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines for 4.6 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Olomouc.