According to COUNTRYAAH, Azerbaijan is a state of Western Asia (86,600 km²). Capital: Baku. Administrative division: administrative units (4). Population: 9,898,100 (census 2018). Language: Azerbaijani (official), Russian. Religion: Muslims (Shiites 63%, Sunnis 33%), Jews 0.2%, others 3.8%. Monetary unit: manat (100 gopik). Human Development Index: 0.757 (80th place). Borders: Georgia and Russia (N), Caspian Sea (E), Iran (S) and Armenia (W). Member of: Council of Europe, CIS, EBRD, OCI, UN and OSCE, OAS observer, WTO observer.
Former Soviet Republic, Azerbaijan proclaimed itself independent on August 30, 1991. In 1995 a new Constitution entered into force which made the country a presidential republic; the highest office of the state, also at the head of the army, is elected, by direct suffrage, for five years; it also holds executive power together with the Council of Ministers, appointed by the President himself and led by the Prime Minister. The Legislative Assembly, also in office for five years, is made up of 125 members. Azerbaijani territory includes the capital region Baku, the Naxçivan region, bordering Iran, and a number of other dependent territories (6 cities and 59 regions). Nagorno-Karabah is also found in Azerbaijani territory, an enclave inhabited mainly by Armenians. The judicial system is administered by the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals. Some particular matters envisaged by the Constitution are under the jurisdiction of the Constitutional Court, while for matters of business and finance, the Economic Court is the judge. The military apparatus includes the three traditional corps and the military service lasts 18 months (12 for graduates). Cultural center of reference for many Muslims of the Russian Empire before 1918, subsequently organized at the educational level according to the Soviet system, Azerbaijan has operated, since the 1990s, a conspicuous reform in the field of education. The primary cycle begins at the age of 6 and ends after 4 years; secondary education starts at age of 10 and includes a first cycle lasting 5 years and a second cycle lasting 2 years. Higher education takes place at numerous universities and several research institutes coordinated by the Baku National Academy of Sciences. Among the most important (all in Baku) the Petroleum Academy, the universities of Medicine and Economics. Outside the capital there are, for example, the Academy of Agriculture and the University of Technology in Gäncä. The illiteracy rate concerns 0.2% of the population. the universities of Medicine and Economics. Outside the capital there are, for example, the Academy of Agriculture and the University of Technology in Gäncä. The illiteracy rate concerns 0.2% of the population. the universities of Medicine and Economics. Outside the capital there are, for example, the Academy of Agriculture and the University of Technology in Gäncä. The illiteracy rate concerns 0.2% of the population.
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Temperatures, precipitation in Baku (Azerbaijan)
|Daytime temperature||7 ° C||6 ° C||10 ° C||16 ° C||22 ° C||27 ° C||31 ° C||30 ° C||26 ° C||20 ° C||14 ° C||10 ° C|
|Night temperature||2 ° C||2 ° C||4 ° C||9 ° C||15 ° C||20 ° C||22 ° C||23 ° C||19 ° C||14 ° C||9 ° C||5 ° C|
|Water temperature||7 ° C||6 ° C||8 ° C||11 ° C||18 ° C||24 ° C||26 ° C||27 ° C||24 ° C||20 ° C||14 ° C||9 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||21st||20||21st||18||18||8||2||6||15||25||30||26|
The annual average temperature in Baku is 15.1 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (26.4 ° C), coldest month of February with mean values of 4.2 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Baku is 27 ° C. Comfortable bathing is possible at these temperatures. The months of May, June, July, August, September and October have a water temperature of at least 17 ° C. Bathing is then possible to a limited extent. The months of June, July, August and September have a water temperature of at least 21 ° C and are therefore suitable for a beach holiday.
The annual precipitation is 210 mm on 49 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March and December snowfall is possible.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Khatai raion, Sumqayıt and Nizami Rayonu.