General & Geography
According to COUNTRYAAH, Slovenia or officially the Republic of Slovenia is a democratically run country in Central Europe. The state has around two million inhabitants, with the centrally located capital Ljubljana also being the country’s largest city. About 290,000 people live in Ljubljana, a little more than 10 percent of the total population of Slovenia.
In Slovenia, the majority of the people speak Slovene, but in some regions the people also partly speak Italian or Hungarian. This is directly related to the fact that the country borders both Italy and Hungary and therefore many people emigrated from there to Slovenia. Other neighboring countries of Slovenia are Austria and Croatia.
Slovenia has been a member of both the European Union and NATO since 2007. In addition, the official currency has been the euro since 2007. From a geographical point of view, it is also noticeable that around half of the national territory of Slovenia is covered with forest.
The Julian Alps, together with the Karawanken and Steiner Alps, occupy more than 30 percent of the country in the west-east course. The middle and the south of the country occupy extensive karst areas. The kilometer-long Adriatic coast runs in the outer southwest.
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Climate in Slovenia
The country lies in the moderate climatic zones, whereby the different landscapes ensure that very different climatic zones can be found in Slovenia. On the Adriatic coast in the southwest, the climate is Mediterranean with very warm summer months and a very cold winter. This is further promoted by the so-called Bora downwind.
Going to the northeast, the climate is much more continental. This means that the summers are very hot and the winters are colder. The temperature difference between summer and winter is enormous. In the Julian Alps, due to the altitude, the climate is alpine. The winters are very cold here and the summers are only moderately warm. If precipitation falls here in winter, it very often falls as snow.
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Ljubljana (Slovenia)
|Daytime temperature||1 ° C||5 ° C||10 ° C||16 ° C||20 ° C||24 ° C||26 ° C||26 ° C||22 ° C||15 ° C||8 ° C||3 ° C|
|Night temperature||-5 ° C||-4 ° C||0 ° C||4 ° C||9 ° C||12 ° C||14 ° C||13 ° C||10 ° C||6 ° C||2 ° C||-2 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||89||89||76||98||121||134||116||126||143||150||131||114|
|Hours of sunshine||2||3||4||5||7||7||8||7||5||3||1||1|
The annual average temperature in Ljubljana is 9.6 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (19.8 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of -1.6 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 1387 mm on 116 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, April, November and December snowfall is possible.
As our climate table shows, July is the sunniest month with an average of 8.1 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year, the sun shines for 4.5 hours a day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Trieste and Klagenfurt am Wörthersee.
Sights and attractions
There is a lot to see and do in Slovenia, mainly due to the numerous forests, mountains and bodies of water. The country is still an insider tip, but it turns out to be a real gem for nature lovers and active vacationers. One of the must-see sights is Lake Bled in the Julian Alps. It is also worth visiting the Triglav National Park, in which, for example, the beautiful Lake Bohinj is located.
The Soca Valley and the Pericnik Waterfall are also worth seeing. For tourists who are less interested in nature and more in the cities, we recommend a detailed visit to the old town center in the Slovenian capital Ljubljana. Other beautiful cities are Koper, Kranj, Ptuj and Škofja Loka. The most famous holiday destination on the Adriatic is Portorož. In addition to the aforementioned ski areas, winter sports enthusiasts also love the Vogel-Bohinj and Kobla-Bohinj slopes in Gorenjska.