According to COUNTRYAAH, Slovakia is a state in Eastern Europe with the capital Bratislava. In terms of area, Slovakia is only slightly larger than Denmark. In the south and east there are lowland areas. Most of the country is covered by the wooded Carpathians. The High Tatras in the north has the highest mountain (Gerlsdorfer Spitze, 2,655 m). The longest river is the Váh (403 km), a tributary of the Danube. There is a moderate continental climate.
The majority of the population are Slovaks, national minorities are Hungarians and Roma, other small groups are made up of Germans, Poles, Czechs and Ukrainians. The official language is Slovak, it is related to Czech and Russian. 10 other languages are recognized as minority languages. The population density (111 inh. / Km 2) is about half that in Germany, over 50% of the population lives in cities. Most of the residents are Christians.
As a federal state, Slovakia belonged to communist Czechoslovakia. It was not until 1993 that it became an independent republic. It is a parliamentary democracy, a member of the EU since 2004 and part of the euro zone since 2009. The Slovak economy is relatively highly industrialized and export-oriented. The main export products are automobiles, auto accessories, electronic products and machines. The export share of the gross domestic product is over 95%. States of the European Union are the most important sales market.
Slovakia borders on Poland in the north, Ukraine in the west, Hungary in the south, Austria in the south-west and the Czech Republic in the west. Most of the country is covered by the Carpathian Mountains with nine national parks. The highest mountain in the Slovak Republic, the Gerlsdorfer Spitze (2,655 m), rises in the High Tatras. Other mighty mountain ranges are z. B. the Low Tatras, the Big and the Little Fatra and the Slovak Ore Mountains.
Beech forests predominate in the foothills, oak and spruce forests in the mountains, and Swiss stone pine and mountain pine at higher altitudes. In addition to many other animal species, wolves, brown bears, chamois and marmots live here. The upper tree line is between 1,450 and 1,500 m. Deciduous forests are characteristic of the broad river plains, e.g. B. from Danube, Váh, Hron and Nitra. Coal-fired power plants have caused significant forest damage over the past few decades.
The climate is temperate continental with regional differences. In the plains, the annual average temperatures are around 10 ° C with annual rainfall of around 500 mm, in the mountains 0 – 3 ° C (total rainfall in the High Tatras 2,000 mm). In the valley of the Hron near Banská Bystrica the mean temperatures are -3.9 ° C in January and 18.2 ° C in July. If the high pressure continues in winter, a temperature reversal often occurs. In the lower elevations of the mountains, the temperatures are colder than on the surrounding heights.
- Abbreviation Finder: Check to see national geography, brief history, society description, domestic politics, economy overview, and a list of widely used acronyms about Slovakia.
Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Slovakia).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Poprad||June, July and August|
|Bratislava||May, June, July, August and September|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Poprad (Slovakia)
|Daytime temperature||-1 ° C||2 ° C||6 ° C||12 ° C||17 ° C||20 ° C||22 ° C||22 ° C||18 ° C||13 ° C||5 ° C||1 ° C|
|Night temperature||-9 ° C||-7 ° C||-4 ° C||1 ° C||5 ° C||8 ° C||10 ° C||9 ° C||6 ° C||2 ° C||-2 ° C||-7 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||23||25||27||43||74||90||68||68||49||38||45||29|
|Hours of sunshine||3||4||5||5||6||7||7||7||6||5||3||2|
|Sunset||16:10||17:00||17:40||7:30 p.m.||20:15||8:45 pm||20:40||20:00||18:55||17:50||16:00||15:40|
The average annual temperature in Poprad is 5.8 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (15.5 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of -5 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 579 mm. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, April, October, November and December snowfall is possible.
As our climate table shows, July is the sunniest month with an average of 7.1 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines an average of 5 hours a day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Košice.