According to COUNTRYAAH, Senegal has a particular territorial design, which is explained by the characteristic colonial penetration along the rivers; in fact, it includes the Gambia as a sort of enclave, which leans on the river of the same name and operates a rather anomalous division within the country. Senegal derives its name from the river that bathes it to the N, a route of penetration towards the interior of the continent, a natural and cultural limit together between sub-Saharan Sahelian Africa and Africa of the savannahs, between white and black Africa. Along its shores there was that encounter between the Islamic world and the African autochthonous world which, as in the neighboring territories bathed by Niger, gave birth to original political organizations, interpreters of a real Islamic-Sudanese civilization. For the French, who succeeded the Portuguese and the English on the Senegalese coasts, the Senegal River represented an excellent route to penetrate the continent and its mouth Saint-Louis it was already in the century. XVII their most important commercial base in Africa, replaced in the last century by Dakar, which then became the greatest center of French domination of the entire area. The current republic, independent since 1960, corresponds to the old territory of Senegal which, in the context of the former French West Africa, more than any other had undergone the colonial process of acculturation and which therefore, in the decolonization phase of the entire continent, had a particular guiding function. This is also thanks to Léopold Sédar Senghor, former President of the Republic, one of the major interpreters of Négritude. From an economic point of view, Senegal is mainly based on agriculture, the potential of which is reduced by drought and desertification, the cause of the consequent exodus from the countryside. The inland areas, intended for intensive farming, were used at the beginning of the century. XX for peanut cultivation. The recent government policy (which continues even in these early years of the 2000s), focused on the diversification of economic activities and crops, has tried to put a stop to this extension, but the attempts made have not produced a significant reduction in state spending, which bears the external debt and the costs of public enterprises.
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Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Senegal).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Dakar||all except February, March and August|
|Kaolack||January, February, November and December|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Dakar (Senegal)
|Daytime temperature||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||26 ° C||29 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||29 ° C||27 ° C|
|Night temperature||17 ° C||17 ° C||17 ° C||18 ° C||20 ° C||23 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||24 ° C||24 ° C||23 ° C||20 ° C|
|Water temperature||21 ° C||20 ° C||20 ° C||21 ° C||23 ° C||25 ° C||27 ° C||27 ° C||27 ° C||27 ° C||27 ° C||24 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||2||1||0||0||0||10||83||184||157||52||3||3|
|Hours of sunshine||8||9||9||10||9||8||8||7||7||8||8||8|
The annual average temperature in Dakar is 24 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is September (27.4 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of 19.9 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Dakar is 27 ° C. Comfortable bathing is possible at these temperatures. All months have a water temperature of at least 17 ° C. Bathing is then possible to a limited extent. All except February and March have a water temperature of at least 21 ° C and are therefore suitable for a beach holiday.
The annual precipitation is 495 mm on 24 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. The August is considered the rainy season, since in this month are expected to more than 175 mm of rainfall. You cannot expect snow in any month in Dakar.
As our climate table shows, April is the sunniest month with an average of 9.6 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year, the sun shines for 8.3 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Pikine, Thiès Nones, Rufisque, Grand Yoff and Parcelles Assainies.