According to COUNTRYAAH, Romania is located on the Black Sea between Central and Southeastern Europe. The country borders with Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine, and Moldova. The capital of the republic is Bucharest in the south of the country.
Around 20.1 million people live in an area of 238,391 square kilometers. This results in a population density of around 84 inhabitants per square kilometer.
The Carpathian Mountains stretch across the Romanian territory in a very central location. At 2544 meters, Mount Moldoveanu is the highest point. Nine other peaks are higher than 2500 meters.
From Frankfurt you can reach Bucharest in around 2.5 hours by plane.
- Abbreviation Finder: Check to see national geography, brief history, society description, domestic politics, economy overview, and a list of widely used acronyms about Romania.
Climate in Romania
The climate in Romania is divided into three sectors. In the area west of the Carpathian Mountains a temperate climate dominates, the summers can be humid and the winters remain quite mild. To the east of the mountains you will find a continental climate with large temperature differences between summer and winter. The winters are very cold here and the summers are definitely warmer.
The coastal region on the Black Sea and the south are characterized by Mediterranean influences, here the summers are warm and the winters somewhat milder. At the beginning of the year in Constana you will find daytime temperatures of less than 5 ° C, which rise above 10 degrees at the end of April and reach their maximum of up to 26 degrees in July and August.
In the autumn months of September and October, temperatures drop to around 17 to 22 degrees before it gets fresh in November and December with temperatures of around 5 degrees. Precipitation is only slightly pronounced all year round and reaches its maximum in November at 42 millimeters. Temperatures are similar in the centrally located Cluj-Napoca, but more precipitation is recorded from May to August.
When to go to Romania
The best time to travel to Romania is found in June, July and August. You can go hiking in the Carpathian Mountains during this time, the coastal regions offer the best conditions for a bathing and beach holiday. The water temperatures rise above 20 degrees from the beginning of June and promise wonderful conditions on the Black Sea.
Near the city of Cluj-Napoca there are many hiking opportunities with pleasant temperatures between May and the end of September. Romania also offers a lot of opportunities for skiers. The months from December to March are particularly suitable here. The Carpathian Mountains are shrouded in snow during these months and are very much appreciated by winter sports enthusiasts for the excellent slope conditions.
Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Romania).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Constana||June, July, August and September|
|Cluj-Napoca||May, June, July, August and September|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Constana (Romania)
|Daytime temperature||4 ° C||5 ° C||8 ° C||14 ° C||19 ° C||24 ° C||26 ° C||26 ° C||22 ° C||17 ° C||12 ° C||6 ° C|
|Night temperature||-2 ° C||-1 ° C||2 ° C||7 ° C||12 ° C||16 ° C||18 ° C||18 ° C||15 ° C||10 ° C||5 ° C||1 ° C|
|Water temperature||4 ° C||3 ° C||4 ° C||9 ° C||14 ° C||19 ° C||22 ° C||23 ° C||20 ° C||16 ° C||13 ° C||7 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||30||29||26||30||38||40||30||33||29||31||42||38|
|Hours of sunshine||3||3||4||6||9||9||10||10||8||6||3||3|
The annual average temperature in Constanta is 11.5 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (22 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of 0.5 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Constanta is 23 ° C. Comfortable bathing is possible at these temperatures. The months of June, July, August and September have a water temperature of at least 17 ° C. Bathing is then possible to a limited extent. The months of July and August have a water temperature of at least 21 ° C and are therefore suitable for a beach holiday.
The annual precipitation is 396 mm on 59 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, November and December is possible snowfall.
As our climate table shows, July is the sunniest month with an average of 10.3 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines for 6.2 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Constanța.
Highlights and attractions
The Sinaia region is located in central Romania, here you should not miss the impressive Peles Castle. Combine this visit with a hike through the Bucegi Mountain, which is also known as “heaven on earth”. From a cultural point of view, the southeastern capital should not be left out when traveling through Romania. With the Herastrau Park, the Stavropoleos Church, the Village Museum and the Palace of Parliament Bucharest has many exciting sights to offer.