According to COUNTRYAAH, Qatar is located on the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf. The emirate only borders on Saudi Arabia, in the north-west lies the Bahrain peninsula.
The capital of the country ruled by Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani is Doha in the east of the country.
About 2.2 million people live in an area of 11,606 square kilometers, which results in a population density of around 186 inhabitants per square kilometer.
Aside from salt marshes and desert strips, Qatar has little to offer topographically. The main source of income in the country is the oil trade. As a result, Qatar has become extremely wealthy since the 1960s and is able to refinance the necessary imports of countless goods through the lack of agriculture in the country.
As one of countries with Q according to COUNTRYAAH, Qatar is a fast growing, emerging emirate. The skyline of Doha on the Persian Gulf is supplemented by ever new skyscrapers and luxury hotels are increasingly vying for private tourists in the country.
Doha can be reached in around 6 hours by plane from Frankfurt.
- Abbreviation Finder: Check to see national geography, brief history, society description, domestic politics, economy overview, and a list of widely used acronyms about Qatar.
Climate in Qatar
The conditions in Qatar are very uniform due to the small size of the country in Qatar and can be described as a predominantly humid, hot, subtropical climate. Temperatures rise over the course of the year from around 22 degrees at the beginning of the year to up to 42 ° C in the summer months of June, July and August. Peak values of over 45 degrees are not uncommon on particularly hot days.
The humidity is up to 85 percent, but it is somewhat reduced by the rather dry Shamal trade wind. From September to December the temperatures drop to around 24 ° C. Only in the months of October to May sporadic precipitation may occur. Even in the rainiest month of February, the amount of precipitation averages only 17 millimeters.
Qatar is one of the driest areas on earth, the high temperatures mean that the short shower evaporates very quickly anyway. In the winter months, temperatures can cool down to more comfortable levels of around 15 degrees Celsius.
When to go to Qatar
The best time to travel to Qatar are March and April as well as November and December. The temperatures are now in a bearable range of 24 to 32 degrees Celsius and are therefore well suited for some explorations of the cultural highlights of Qatar. The minimal rainfall ensures temporary cooling. Europeans find the nightly temperature drops to a minimum of 15 ° C to be extremely pleasant.
A trip to Qatar is not advisable in the summer months. The regularly occurring sandstorms could cloud the travel experience and the extremely high temperatures are simply unbearable for many vacationers. Even going to the beach is a dangerous pleasure in the midday heat, people with poor circulation are advised to be particularly careful.
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Doha (Qatar)
|Daytime temperature||22 ° C||23 ° C||27 ° C||32 ° C||38 ° C||41 ° C||42 ° C||41 ° C||39 ° C||35 ° C||30 ° C||24 ° C|
|Night temperature||13 ° C||14 ° C||17 ° C||21 ° C||25 ° C||28 ° C||29 ° C||29 ° C||27 ° C||23 ° C||20 ° C||15 ° C|
|Water temperature||19 ° C||19 ° C||24 ° C||28 ° C||29 ° C||29 ° C||30 ° C||31 ° C||29 ° C||27 ° C||25 ° C||24 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||13||17||16||9||4||0||0||0||0||1||3||12|
|Hours of sunshine||8||8||8||9||11||11||11||11||10||10||9||8|
The annual average temperature in Doha is 26.7 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (34.7 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of 17 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Doha is 31 ° C. Comfortable bathing is possible at these temperatures. All months have a water temperature of at least 17 ° C. Bathing is then possible to a limited extent. All except January and February have a water temperature of at least 21 ° C and are therefore suitable for a beach holiday.
The annual precipitation is 75 mm. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. You cannot expect snow in any month in Doha.
As our climate table shows, June is the sunniest month with an average of 11.4 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines 9.4 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following major towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Ar-Rayyan and Al-Khor.
Highlights and attractions
Most of Qatar’s economic and cultural life takes place in the capital, Doha. With the Museum of Islamic Art, the Souq Waqif and the Katara Cultural Village, the city has combined three major landmarks in the country. On the coast of the Persian Gulf, the Corniche is a popular promenade and, with Aspire Park, a relaxing, green oasis.
With Qatar Airways, Qatar owns one of the world’s best state-owned airlines and is increasingly keen to increase tourism. Last but not least, the (not undisputed) awarding of the soccer World Cup in 2022 will provide a further boost in the expansion of the infrastructure. Insider tip: If you don’t feel like going to big shopping malls with western brands, you will find a really authentic flair at the Al Shahaniya Racetrack camel race track.