According to COUNTRYAAH, Moldova is a State of Eastern Europe (33,843 km²). Capital: Chisinău. Administrative division: 32 districts, 3 municipalities and 2 territorial units. Population: 3,958,000 (2008 estimate). Language: Moldovan (official), Russian, Ukrainian. Religion: non-religious / atheists 46.6%, Orthodox 44.4%, Muslims 5.5%, Catholics 1.8%, Protestants 1.7%. Monetary unit: Moldovan leu, in pl. lei (100 bani). Human Development Index: 0.714 (113th place). Borders: Romania (W) and Ukraine (N, E and S). Member of: Council of Europe, CIS, EBRD, UN, OSCE and WTO.
Moldova, formerly a federated republic of the USSR, became an independent state on 27 August 1991 and then became part of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The regions of Gagauzia (with a majority of Turkic-speaking ethnicity) and Transdniestria (with a Russian majority), which had already proclaimed their independence in 1990, have been recognized a statute of special autonomy; Transdniestria, however, insists on considering itself an independent state (even if not recognized by any government) with capital Tiraspol ‘and maintains its own completely separate system, with its own president, government, armed forces, police and currency, a different time from that of the rest of the country and a social system still inspired by that of the USSR. The Parliament, which has a single chamber of 101 deputies, is renewed every four years and the term of office of the President of the Republic, elected by Parliament on the basis of a July 2000 amendment to the Constitution passed on December 27, 1994, also lasts. The judicial system is partially autonomous from the executive and reports to a Constitutional Court; the death penalty was abolished in 1995, the school system, which until the end of the 1980s was an integral part of the Soviet one and therefore largely Russified, drastically changed after independence, with the introduction of Romanian literature and history into the curriculum. Education is compulsory from the seventh to the sixteenth year of age: primary school lasts four years, secondary school seven, of which the first five are compulsory. Higher education is delegated to universities and academies. The illiteracy rate in 2007 was 0.8%. introduction in the programs of Romanian literature and history. Education is compulsory from the seventh to the sixteenth year of age: primary school lasts four years, secondary school seven, of which the first five are compulsory. Higher education is delegated to universities and academies. The illiteracy rate in 2007 was 0.8%. introduction in the programs of Romanian literature and history. Education is compulsory from the seventh to the sixteenth year of age: primary school lasts four years, secondary school seven, of which the first five are compulsory. Higher education is delegated to universities and academies. The illiteracy rate in 2007 was 0.8%.
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Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Chisinau (Moldova)
|Daytime temperature||-1 ° C||1 ° C||6 ° C||16 ° C||23 ° C||26 ° C||27 ° C||27 ° C||23 ° C||17 ° C||10 ° C||2 ° C|
|Night temperature||-8 ° C||-5 ° C||-2 ° C||6 ° C||11 ° C||14 ° C||16 ° C||15 ° C||11 ° C||7 ° C||3 ° C||-4 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||40||38||35||42||51||75||69||45||48||27||39||38|
|Hours of sunshine||3||3||4||6||8||10||10||10||8||6||3||2|
The annual average temperature in Chisinau is 9.6 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (20.9 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of -3.3 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 547 mm on 79 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, November and December is possible snowfall.
As our climate table shows, July is the sunniest month with an average of 9.7 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year, the sun shines 5.9 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Chișinău, Chișinău Municipality and Tiraspol.