According to COUNTRYAAH, El Salvador is a State of Central America (21,040 km²). Capital: San Salvador. Administrative division: departments (14). Population: 5,825,000 (2008 estimate). Language: Spanish (official), Amerindians speak Nahua and Maya. Religion: Catholics 78.3%, Protestants 17.1%, others 4.6%. Monetary unit: colón (100 cents) and US dollar. Human Development Index: 0.747 (101st place). Borders: Honduras (NE and E), Pacific Ocean (S), Guatemala (NW). Member of: OAS, UN and WTO.
Former Spanish colony, independent since 1841, based on the 1983 Constitution (amended several times), El Salvador is a unitary republic of a presidential type. Head of State and Government is the President of the Republic, who is elected for 5 years by universal suffrage and exercises executive power with the help of the ministers chosen by him. Legislative power rests with the unicameral National Assembly, whose members are elected for 3 years by universal suffrage. The judicial system is based on Roman and British law, but the enactments of the International Court of Justice are not accepted. In the country, justice is administered by a Supreme Court, which also functions as a Constitutional Court, and by courts of first and second instance. The death penalty is in effect only for crimes committed in war. The defense of the state is organized in the three traditional forces of army, navy and air force. The military service is compulsory and selective; it has a duration of one year and is carried out from the age of 18. The minimum age for voluntary conscription is instead 16 years. Primary education, compulsory, starts at 7 and lasts for nine years; secondary school starts at 16, lasts for three years and allows access to normal schools, commercial institutes and higher education. There are several universities, including the state university of El Salvador (1841). Despite the efforts made, illiteracy is still the most significant problem of education in the country: in 20017 the rate among the population was 11.5%.
- Abbreviation Finder: Check to see national geography, brief history, society description, domestic politics, economy overview, and a list of widely used acronyms about El Salvador.
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in San Salvador (El Salvador)
|Daytime temperature||30 ° C||31 ° C||32 ° C||32 ° C||31 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||30 ° C||29 ° C||29 ° C||29 ° C||29 ° C|
|Night temperature||16 ° C||16 ° C||17 ° C||19 ° C||19 ° C||19 ° C||18 ° C||18 ° C||19 ° C||18 ° C||17 ° C||16 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||5||5||9||54||187||323||317||297||318||228||41||9|
|Hours of sunshine||10||10||10||8||7||6||8||8||6||7||9||10|
The average annual temperature in San Salvador is 22.9 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is April (24.4 ° C), coldest month of December with averages of 21.8 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 1793 mm on 106 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. The months of May, June, July, August, September and October are considered the rainy season, as more than 175 mm of precipitation can be expected per month. Overall, around 1670 mm of precipitation can be expected in the rainy season. You cannot expect snow in any month in San Salvador.
As our climate table shows, February is the sunniest month with an average of 9.9 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines for 8.2 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Santa Ana, Soyapango, Mejicanos, Santa Tecla, Apopa, Delgado, San Salvador and Ilopango.