According to COUNTRYAAH, the parliamentary Federal Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in south-east Europe and, with its capital Sarajevo, lies on the Balkan Peninsula and is bordered in the north and west by Croatia, in the east by Serbia and in the south by Montenegro, with the largest proportion being the border with Croatia not applicable.
On the west side there is a small area that offers access to the Adriatic Sea. In the north of the country is the region of Bosnia, which with around 80 percent makes up the greater part of the country.
In the south is Herzegovina, which supplies the smaller part with the remaining 20 percent. Bosnia and Herzegovina lies almost completely in the Dinaric Mountains and divides the country Croatia with a 20 km long coastline on the Adriatic Sea.
According to the last census, the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina is just over 3.5 million who live in an area of 51,179 square kilometers.
- Abbreviation Finder: Check to see national geography, brief history, society description, domestic politics, economy overview, and a list of widely used acronyms about Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Climate in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Located in the transition area from the Mediterranean to the continental climate, the winters can be very cold and dry, and the lowest temperatures are sometimes in the double-digit range. The maximum values in summer easily exceed 30 degrees on some days and are hot and dry. The temperatures around the capital Sarajevo are somewhat more moderate, here the summer months are an average of 26 degrees, the winter days mostly fluctuate between minus 4 and plus 4 ° C.
Most of the precipitation falls at different times depending on the region. If Sarajevo, located in the southeast, is the travel destination, most of the precipitation falls in the months of November and December as well as May and June. In Mostar, located to the south, most of the rain falls in the colder months from November to February ; in the north of the country, in Banja Luka, it tends to hit the summer months. The total amount of rain in Bosnia and Herzegovina is comparable to the annual rainfall in Munich.
When is the best time to visit Bosnia and Herzegovina?
The best travel time for the north and southeast of Bosnia and Herzegovina is from May to September. During this period, daytime temperatures averaged 22 to 28 ° C and nighttime temperatures averaged 8 to 17 ° C. In the southern city of Mostar, the maximum temperatures climb from 24 ° C in May to 32 ° C in July and August. In addition, there is little rain.
Those who like sunny days and hot temperatures are in very good hands in Bosnia and Herzegovina, especially from June to August. The edge months of May and September are also ideal for a trip, while the period from autumn to spring is quite cool and the sun rarely shows in the sky.
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
|Daytime temperature||3 ° C||6 ° C||10 ° C||15 ° C||20 ° C||23 ° C||26 ° C||26 ° C||22 ° C||17 ° C||10 ° C||4 ° C|
|Night temperature||-4 ° C||-2 ° C||1 ° C||4 ° C||9 ° C||11 ° C||13 ° C||13 ° C||10 ° C||6 ° C||2 ° C||-3 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||71||67||70||74||82||91||80||71||70||77||94||85|
|Hours of sunshine||2||3||4||5||6||7||8||8||6||5||3||1|
The annual average temperature in Sarajevo is 9.6 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (18.9 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of -0.9 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 932 mm on 113 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, April, November and December snowfall is possible.
As our climate table shows, July is the sunniest month with an average of 8.3 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year, the sun shines 4.8 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Sarajevo, Zenica, Tuzla and Mostar.
Sights and attractions
The landmarks of the country include two bridges that are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Mostar Bridge, the Stari most and the Višegrad Bridge, the Stari most u Višegradu. Another attraction for nature enthusiasts is the Buna spring, which is considered to be one of the largest and most powerful springs in Europe, as well as Jajce an area with a castle, a 17-meter high waterfall and the Pliva lakes. If you are a real fan of wonderful, unspoilt nature, you should not miss the Sutjeska National Park. Part of this park is one of the last two European virgin forests. You can also discover the highest point in the country, the Maglić mountain, the Skakavac waterfall with an altitude of 75 meters and the Sutjeska gorge.